Jakarta is the biggest city in Indonesia with a role as the capital of Indonesia as well as the government center of Indonesia. Jakarta is also one of the 33 provinces in Indonesia, and therefore governed by a governor who reports to the President of Indonesia through the Internal Affairs Minister. Due to the multi role as both a province and the capital of Indonesia, Jakarta then given a status of Special Capital Region (Daerah Khusus Ibukota=DKI). DKI Jakarta has five municipalities and administrative regency. The five municipalities are North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara), East Jakarta (Jakarta Timur), West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat), South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan), Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat), and Thousand Islands Regency (Kepulauan Seribu). Each municipality headed by a Mayor who assists to prepare the planning of their region. Thousand Island is headed by a Regent who’s responsible on the financial matters.
The history of Jakarta began from a small port at the mouth of Ciliwung River, centuries ago. The port city then emerged to become a busy international trading center. Journals of European journalist in 16th century mentioned that there’s a city, named Kalapa (Kelapa in Sundanese called kalapa, means coconut), seemed as the main port for a Hindu Kingdom named Sunda, with a capital of Pajajaran, located near to the current location of Bogor. Portuguese was the first fleet from Europe that arrived at Kalapa Port.
The port city was then attacked by its neighbor, Demak Kingdom, under the leadership of Fatahillah. On 22nd June, 1527, Kelapa Port was taken away and the name was then changed to Jayakarta, which meant a city of glory and victory. 22nd June1527 then recognized as birthday of Jakarta. Dutch fleet arrived at the 16th century which soon dominated Jayakarta and changed the name to Batavia. At the era when Japanese dominated Indonesia, from 1942 to 1945, the name of Batavia was changed to Jakarta. On 17th August 1945, Ir. Soekarno proclaimed the freedom of Indonesia in Jakarta, when red and white flag of Indonesia was officially raised for the first time. The sovereignty of Indonesia officially acknowledged in 1949 after Indonesia joined the United Nation. In 1966 Jakarta was officially announced as the capital of Indonesia.
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport has an important role as the main gate to Indonesia. It’s located at Tangerang, Banten Province, 20km away from Jakarta. Jakarta still has another airport which is Halim Perdanakusuma Airport with limited function to serve state and military affairs flight. There’re two main terminals at Soekarno-Hatta Airport, Terminal One serves all domestic flight except the flight by Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines.
|1||Taman Mini Indonesia Indah||07.00-22.00||East Jakarta|
|2||Dunia Fantasi (Dufan)||10.00-18.00||Jalan Lodan Timur No.7, RW.10, Kota Tua, Ancol, Pademangan, North Jakarta|
|3||Seaworld Ancol||09.00-18.00||Jalan Lodan Timur No.7, RW.10, Kota Tua, Ancol, Pademangan, North Jakarta|
|4||Taman Ismail Marzuki||08.30-23.00||Jl. Cikini Raya No.73, RT.8/RW.2, Cikini, Menteng, Central Jakarta|
|5||Planetarium||08.00-15.00||Jl. Cikini Raya No.73, RT.8/RW.2, Cikini, Menteng, Central Jakarta|
|6||Ragunan Zoo||07.30-16.00||Jl. Harsono No.1, Ragunan, Ps. Minggu, South Jakarta|
|7||Museum Fatahillah||08.00-17.00||Jalan Taman Fatahillah No.1, Kota Tua, Pinangsia, Tamansari, West Jakarta|
|8||Museum Wayang||08.00-17.00||Jalan Pintu Besar Utara No.27, Pinangsia, Tamansari, RT.3/RW.6, Kota Tua, Pinangsia, Tamansari, West Jakarta|
|9||Monumen Nasional (Monas)||07.00-12.00||Gambir, Central Jakarta City, Jakarta|
|10||Masjid Istiqlal||–||Jl. Taman Wijaya Kusuma, Ps. Baru, Sawah Besar, Central Jkaarta|
|11||Gereja Katedral||–||Jl. Katedral No.7B, Ps. Baru, Sawah Besar, Central Jakarta|
|12||Museum Gajah (National Museum of Indonesia)||08.00-16.00||Jl. Medan Merdeka Barat No.12, Gambir|
|13||Museum Tekstil||09.00-16.00||Jl. Ks. Tubun No.2-4, RT.4/RW.2, Kota Bambu Sel., Palmerah, West Jakarta|
|14||Museum Bahari||08.00-16.00||Jalan Pasar Ikan No. 1, Penjaringan, North Jakarta|
|15||Taman Wisata Alam Angke Kapuk||07.00-18.00||Jalan Garden House RT.8/RW.1 Kamal Muara Penjaringan, RT.8/RW.1, Kamal Muara, Penjaringan, North Jakarta|
|No.||Hotel||Rates||Distance from Venue||Contact|
|1||DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Jakarta||Start from IDR 1.361.250||1 km||Address: Jl. Pegangsaan Timur No.17, Cikini, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat
|2||Mercure Jakarta Cikini||Start from IDR 753,104||1,9 km||Address: Jl. Cikini Raya No.66, RT.14/RW.5, Cikini, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat
|3||Acacia Hotel||Start from IDR 544,766||1 km||Address: Jl. Kramat Raya No. 81, Kramat, Senen, Jakarta Pusat
|4||MaxOneHotels.com||Start from IDR 396.778||0,9 km||Address: Jl. Kramat Raya No. 91, Paseban, Senen Jakarta Pusat
|5||Cikini Hotel||Start from IDR 326,426||2,1 km||Adress: Jl. Cikini Raya No.81, RT.1/RW.2, Cikini, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat
|6||Jhon’s Pardede International Hotel||Start from IDR 325.425||1,2 km||Address: Jl. Raden Saleh I No.9-11, RT.2/RW.2, Kenari, Senen, Jakarta Pusat
|7||Blue Sky Pandurata Boutique Hotel||Start from IDR 399.788||1,3 km||Address: Jl. Raden Saleh Raya No.12, RT.10/RW.1, Kenari, Senen, Jakarta Pusat
|8||Hotel Bintang Wisata Mandiri||Start from IDR 418,749||1,3 km||Address: Jl. Raden Saleh No. 16, Kenari, Senen, Jakarta Pusat